Knowing Spanish’s Conditional Simple is very useful. Spanish’s Conditional Simple is also easy to conjugate if you know the Indicative Mood. Although many grammarians will argue that the conditional is not a tense, in this lesson I will not get involved in that debate. I simply cover the uses of the Spanish’s Conditional Simple and how to conjugate it.

In most tenses we have to change the ending of the Infinitive Verb to another ending, for example, ComER in present tense is Yo como, tú comes, él come, nosotros comemos, ellos comen. But in Conditional, we don’t change the ending, but rather add an additional ending. It´s the same for all verbs ending in AR-ER or IR.

For example:

Dormir

Yo Dormiría

Tú Dormirías

Ud./él/ella Dormiría

Nosotros-as Dormiríamos

Uds./ellos-as Dormirían

IRREGULARS

Tener: Tendr (Tendría, tendrías, tendría, tendríamos, tendrían)

Poder: Podr

Poner: Pondr

Saber: Sabr

Querer: Querr

Haber: Habr

Hacer: Har

Decir: Dir

Venir: Vendr

Caber: Cabr

USES:

One of the ways we use the Conditional tense is when we want to speak more polite. For example, we can use the verb “Poder”, in the conditional tense followed by an unconjugated verb to simulate saying “could you….verb.”

¿Podría traernos una copa más? (Could you bring us another glass?)

We can also just use the conditional tense just using the verb and forget using Poder.For example:

¿Traería una copa más, por favor? (Would you bring another glass, please?)

Another example with Poder:

Tengo frío, ¿Podrías cerrar la ventana, por favor? (I´m cold. Could you close the window, please?

Without Poder:

Tengo frío, ¿Cerrarías la ventana? (I´m cold. Would you close he window?)

Another use for conditional is when we speak about difficult wishes, something impossible for some reason in the moment when we are speaking.

For example:

Comería un pollo con salsa Tabasco, pero solo tengo pastas y arroz en la casa. (I would eat chicken with Tabasco sauce, but I have only pasta and rice in the house.)

Me gustaría ir al Sur, pero este año no tengo dinero. (I would like to go to the South, but I don´t have money this year).

Conditional is also used to hypothesize. For example:

¿Participarías de un Reality Show? (Would you participate in a Reality Show?) Sí, Participaría (Yes, I would participate.)

¿Cómo sería tu propio programa de televisión? (What would be your own TV Program?) Sería un programa de preguntas y respuestas y habría muchos premios. (It would be a question and answer program and have many awards.)

Also, we use Conditional to give advice:

Let’s say a person has a problem with her teenage daughter, and her friends are given her recommendations:

Podrías intentar conocer a sus amigos. (You could try to meet her friends.)

Deberías prohibirle las salidas. (You should ban her from going out at night.)

Tendrías que obligarla a estudiar. (You would have to force her to study.)

Yo que Tú, hablaría con ella. (If I were you, I would speak with her.)

Yo, en tu lugar, organizaría salidas de madre e hija. (If I were in your place, I would organize mother-daughter outings.)

Yo consultaría con un psicólogo. (I would consult a Psychologist.)

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/6724865

via Learning Spanish Reviews Blog » Uses Of The Conditional Simple In Spanish And How To Conjugate It.

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