The conditional

  1. Forms of the conditional.  To form the conditional, use:
    1. The same stem as for the future tense (normally, the infinitive; a list of
      irregular verbs is given below).
    2. The same endings as for the imperfect of -er and -ir verbs:
      -ía, -ías, -ía, -íamos, -íais,




      hablaría hablaríamos comería comeríamos viviría viviríamos
      hablarías hablaríais comerías comeríais vivirías viviríais
      hablaría hablarían comería comerían viviría vivirían

      Verbs with irregular future and conditional stems:

      decir to say dir- diría, dirías, diría, …
      haber there to be [impersonal];to have [helping verb] habr- habría, habrías, habría, …
      hacer to make, do har- haría, harías, haría, …
      poder to be able podr- podría, podrías, podría, …
      poner to put, place, set pondr- pondría, pondrías, pondría, …
      querer to want, love querr- querría, querrías, querría, …
      saber to know [a fact] sabr- sabría, sabrías, sabría, …
      salir to leave, go out saldr- saldría, saldrías, saldría, …
      tener to have tendr- tendría, tendrías, tendría, …
      valer to be worth valdr- valdría, valdrías, valdría, …
      venir to come vendr- vendría, vendrías, vendría, …
  2. Usage. There are several ways in which the conditional is used in

    1. To indicate future time within the past. (Remember
      that the conditional is a combination of future stem with imperfect endings.)

      Dije ayer que lo haríamos hoy. Yesterday I said that we would [were going to] do it today.

      The same idea could also be expressed with the imperfect of
      ir plus a plus the infinitive:

      Dije ayer que lo íbamos a hacer hoy. Yesterday I said that we were going to do it today.
    2. To indicate conjecture or probability in past
      (roughly an equivalent of probablemente plus the imperfect).

      ¿Dónde estaría María anoche? Where do you think Mary was last night?
      Estaría en casa. She was probably at home.
    3. To indicate deference or softening of a statement or request. Compare these
      three examples:

      Quiero cinco dólares. I want $5.00. [forceful, present tense]
      Querría cinco dólares. I would like $5.00. [deferential, conditional]
      Quisiera cinco dólares. I would like $5.00. [almost apologetic, imperfect subj.]

      NOTE: The past subjunctive was used in the third example
      above to indicate deference, politeness, or an almost apologetic tone. This
      usage is found primarily with the verbs
      deber, and

      ¿Pudieras hacerlo? Could you (possibly) do it?
      Debieras estudiar más. (Maybe) you should study more.
    4. To indicate something hypothetical (in present or future time).
      ¡Yo viajaría a la luna mañana (si
      I would go to the moon tomorrow (if I could)!

      This type of situation will be studied below in the section on contrary-to-fact
      or unreal conditions.

    via The Conditional, Conditional Perfect, and “If” Clauses in Spanish.

Comments are closed.


Tell A Friend
Tell a Friend
Free Dictionary

Learn More Spanish