Futuro Perifrástico

Today we are going to take a look at how we express ideas about the future. In Spanish it is actually a pretty easy combination and easy to remember. Let take a look at what the combinations is:

The verb IR in Present + A + Infinitive Verb

Voy Cantar

Vas Beber

Va + a + Cenar

Vamos Escribir

Van Correr

For example: El fin de semana que viene, los chicos van a ir al parque.

(The next weekend the children are going to go to the park).

With future we usually use the following expressions:

En 2 días: In (#) days

El fin de semana que viene: Next weekend

El próximo fin de semana: Next weekend.

La semana que viene: Next week.

El año que viene: Next year.

El próximo lunes: Next Monday.

Mañana: Tomorrow.

Pasado mañana: The day after tomorrow.

Esta noche: Tonight.

Condicional Perifrástico

The “Condicional perifrástico” is not a formal tense, like the “Futuro Perifrástico” (Voy a salir), it is a group of words used to form an idea.

The “Condicional Perifrástico is formed by the verb IR in Pretérito Imperfecto + A + Infinitive Verb: this group of words is used to explain something you were going to do in the past but ended up not doing it. For example: “I was going to go to the party last night, but I had a headache.” The reason why an action is not performed can be expressed in the past, present or future.

Iba Pintar

Ibas Salir

Iba + a + Comer

Íbamos Ver

Iban Comprar

For example:

Ibamos a ir a cenar a ese restaurant, pero no pudimos hacer reservas y no había más espacio.

(We were going to go to eat dinner but we couldn’t make reservations and there wasn’t any more space).

Iba a llamarte esta mañana, pero el teléfono no funciona.

(I was going to call you this morning, but the phone doesn’t work).

Peter iba a ir a las Vegas el fin de semana, pero no puede porque tendrá que trabajar.

(Peter was going to go to Las Vegas the next weekend, but he can’t, because he will have to work).

via Learning Spanish Reviews Blog » Substitute Future Tense in Spanish (Periphrastic Future) and Periphrastic Conditional Article Source.

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