Si Clauses – Spanish If-Then Clauses: Unlikely or Currently Contrary Situations

Spanish si clauses, also known as conditionals or conditional sentences, are
used to express what could happen if some condition is met. There are three
different kinds of si clauses. In this lesson, we’ll look at the second most common
type of si clause: unlikely or currently contrary situations. I call these
“currently contrary” because the situation described is not currently
true. But if the situation changed, the result clause would be able
to occur.

The currently contrary si-clause, known as the second conditional, is
expressed as follows: the condition clause (which starts with si) requires the
imperfect subjunctive, while
the result clause takes the conditional.
The order of the clauses is unimportant.

For example…

Si tuviera dinero, iría contigo – If I had money, I would go with you.
Iría contigo si tuviera dinero – I would go with you if I had money.
(I don’t have any money so I can’t go, but if I did [currently contrary], I
would be
able to.)

Si fueras con nosotros, podrías ver a tu hermano. – If you went
with us, you could see your brother.
Podrías ver a tu hermano si fueras con nosotros. – You could see your brother
if you went with us.

(You say you don’t want to go with us, so you won’t see your brother, but if
you did go with us [currently contrary], you would see him.)

via Spanish Si Clauses – If Then Clauses in Spanish – Unlikely or Currently Contrary Situations – e Learn Spanish Language.

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