This lesson will help you understand the irregular verbs in Spanish, and enables you to use real examples shown below. If you have any question let us know by clicking on the “Contact us” button, this lesson is very important since it covers a very widely used element in Spanish which is the irregular verb.

In Spanish there are regular, semiregular and irregular verbs. We already know regular verbs. Semiregular verbs are verbs having slight modifications in their spelling, just so that they can sound phonetically easy to pronounce, like the verb pagar (to pay) yo pago (I pay), in the past instead of writing yo pagé, we added a (u) after the g so that it would still sound [g] like in pago I bought= yo pagué, and not like [j] if we wrote pagé. Irregular verbs are verbs which don’t follow standard rules of conjugation in the different verb tenses. The bad news is that they’re the most used verbs. So you need to focus on them more, the good news is that you can become familiar with them easily. We will deal with semiregular and irregular as a one subject, because semiregular verbs are considered somehow irregular too.


Here we will go through types of irregularity:

-First person singular present with g: decir (to say), I say= digo. caer (to fall), I fall= caigo. hacer (to do), I do= hago. salir (to go out), I go out= saglo…

-First person present g changes to j: escoger (to choose), I choose= escojo. corrigir (to correct), I correct= corrijo.

-Stem changes in the third person singular present (e -> ie):  negar (to deny), he denies= niega. cerrar (to close), he closes= cierra. pensar (to think), he think=piensa -Stem changes in the third person singular present (o -> ue): jugar (to play), he plays= juega. mostrar (to show), he shows= muestra. dormir (to sleep),he sleeps=duerme

-Stem changes in the third person singular present (e -> i): decir (to say), he says= dice. medir (to measure), he measures= mide.

-When we add an e to the last letter of the stem c then (c ->qu): platicar (to chat), I chatted= platiqué. bloacar (to block), I blocked= bloqué.

-When we add an e to the last letter of the stem z then (z-> c): lanzar
(to throw) I threw= lancé
. -When we add an a or o to the last letter of the stem c then (c ->zc): conocer (to know) I know = conozco.

These are some common irregular verbs in Spanish (check the table below to see how they are conjugated): abrir, andar, caer, cerrar, conocer, creer, dar, decir, dormir, empezar, encontrar, escribir, escoger, estoy, hacer, ir, jugar, leer, llegar, mirar, oír, olvidar, pagar, pedir, pensar, perder, poder, poner, quedar, querer, saber, sacar, salir, seguir, sentir, ser, tener, traer, valer, venir, ver, volver.

Smart List of Irregular Verbs in Spanish

This list contains most of the common modifications that occur to verbs, it may seem confusing, but this is the easiest way to learn how a verb is modified, especially once you get used to the table.

-Underlined
words: refer to the stem of a verb; the root of the verb that you should keep, and modify only what comes after that stem.

-Words
in bold: means that the word is conjugated in an irregular way and maybe that was the reason why it was put in this irregular list.

-Abbreviations:
(pa part= past participle)

Spanish Irregular Verbs

Verb

Pa Part

Present

Preterit

Future

abrir

abierto

abro,es,e,imos,en

abrí,iste,ió,imos,ieron

abriré,ás,á,emos,án

andar

andado

ando,as,a,amos,an

anduve,iste,o,imos,ieron

andaré,ás,á,emos,án

caer

cayendo

caigo,caes,-,mos,n

caí,ste,cayo,mos,cayeron

caeré,ás,á,emos,án

cerrar

cerrado

cierro,as,a,cerramos,an

cerré,aste,ó,amos,aron

cerraré,ás,á,emos,án

conocer

conocido

conozco,es,e,mos,en

conocí,iste,io,imos,ieron

conoceré,ás,á,emos,án

creer

creíndo

creo,es,e,emos,en,

creí,ste,creyó,mos,creyeron

creeré,ás,á,emos,án

dar

dado

doy,das,a,mos,n

di,ste,o,mos,eron

daré,ás,á,emos,án

decir

dicho

digo,dices,-,decimos,n

dije,iste,o,imos,eron

diré,ás.á,emos,án

dormir

dormido

duermo,es,e,o-imos,en

dormí,iste,durmió,imos,u-ieron

dormiré,ás,á,emos,án

empezar

empezado

empiezo,as,a,ezamos,n

empecé,empezaste,ó,amos,aron

empezaré,ás,á,emos,án

escoger

escogido

escojo,ges,e,gemos,gen

escogí,iste,ió,imos,ieron

Escogeré,ás,á,emos,án

encontrar

encontado

encuentro,as,a,o-mos,an

encontré,aste,ó,amos,aron

encontré,ás,á,emos,án

escribir

escrito

escribo,es,e,imos,en

escribí,iste,ió,imos,ieron

escribiré,ás,á,emos,án

estoy

estado

estoy,as,a,amos,an

estuve,iste,o,imos,ieron

estaré,ás,á,emos,án

hacer

hecho

hago,haces,-,mos,n,

hice,iste,hizo,imos,ieron

haré,ás,á,emos,án

ir

ido

voy,vas,a,mos,n

fui,iste,e,imos,eron

iré,ás,á,emos,án

jugar

jugado

juego,as,a,jugamos,an

jugué,aste,ó,amos,aron

jugaré,ás,á,emos,án

leer

leído

leo,es,e,emos,en

leí,ste,leyó,mos,leyeron

leeré,ás,á,emos,án

llegar

llegado

llego,as,a,amos,an

llegué,llegaste,ó,amos,aron

llegaré,ás,á,emos,án

mirar

mirado

miro,as,s,amos,an

miré,aste,ó,amos,aron

miraré,ás,á,emos,án

oír

oído

oigo,oyes,-,oímos,n

,ste,oyo,mos,oyeron

oiré,ás,á,emos,án

olvidar

olvidado

olvido,as,a,amos

olvidé,aste,ó,amos,aron

olvidaré,ás,á,emos,án

pedir

pedido

pido,es,e,pedimos,piden

pedí,iste,pidió,imos,pidieron

pediré,ás,á,emos,án

pagar

pagado

Pago,as,a,amos,an

Pagué,aste,ó,amos,aron

Pagaré,ás,á,emos,án

pensar

pensado

pienso,as,a,pensamos,an

pensé,aste,ó,amos,aron

pensaré,ás,á,emos,án

perder

pedrido

pierdo,es,e,perdemos,en

perdí,iste,ió,imos,ieron

perderé,ás,á,emos,.án

poder

podido

puedo,es,e,podemos,en

pude,iste,o,imos,ieron

podré,ás,á,emos,án

poner

puesto

pongo,pones,-,mos,en

puse,iste,o,imos,ieron

pondré,ás,á,emos,án

quedar

quedado

quedo,as,a,amos,an

quedé,aste,ó,amos,aron

quedaré,ás,á,emos,án

querer

querido

quiero,es,e,queremos,en

quise,iste,o,imos,ieron

querré,ás,á,emos,án

saber

sabido

, sabes,-,mos,en

supe,iste,o,imos,ieron

sabré,ás,á,emos,án

sacar

sacado

saco,as,a,amos,an

saque, sacaste,ó,amos,aron

sacaré,ás,á,emos,án

salir

salido

salgo, sales,e,imos,en

salí,iste,ío,imos,ieron

saldré,ás,á,emos,án

seguir

seguido

sigo,ues,ue,seguimos,uen

seguí,iste,siguió,imos,siguieron

seguiré,ás,á,emos,án

sentir

sentido

siento,es,e,sentimos,en

sentí,iste,sintió,imos,sintieron

sentiré,ás,á,emos,án

ser

sido

soy,eres,es,somos,son

fui,iste,e,imos,eron

seré,ás,á,emos,án

tener

tenido

tengo,tienes,-,tenemos,n

tuve,iste,o,imos,ieron

tendré,ás,á,emos,án

traer

traído

traigo,traes,-,mos,n

traje,iste,o,imos,ieron

traeré,ás,á,emos,án

valer

valido

valgo,vales,e,emos,en

valí,iste,ió,imos,ieron

valdré,ás,á,emos,án

venir

venido

vengo,vienes,-,venimos,n

vine,iste,o,imos,ieron

vendré,ás,á,emos,án

ver

visto

veo,s,-,mos,n

vi,ste,o,mos,eron

veré,ás,á,emos,án

volver

vuelto

vuelvo,es,e,volvemos,en

volví,iste,ió,imos,ieron

volveré,ás,á,emos,án

I hope you benefited from this lesson (the Spanish irregular verbs), please check our other lessons to take advantage of the other useful information they may contain.

via Spanish Irregular Verbs.

Comments are closed.

Newsletter


Tell A Friend
Tell a Friend
Free Dictionary

Learn More Spanish