In this Spanish grammar lesson, we are going to take a look at pronouns in Spanish; a subject that usually is very difficult for students. We are going to start with the Direct Object and then we are going to learn the Indirect Object and replace both of them in a phrase. The Direct Object pronouns are the “what” in a sentence and they can be an object or a person.

The Pronouns are:

Me (A mí)

Te (A ti/a Vos)

Lo (Male and Singular Object or A Ud./Él)

La (Female and Singular Object or A Ud./Ella)

Nos (A Nosotros-as)

Los ( Male and Plural Object or A Ustedes/Ellos)

Las ( Female and Plural Object or A Ustedes/Ellas)

The principal function of the D.O is it not repeat. For example:

¿Cómo prefieres la carne? (How do you prefer your meat?)

LA prefiero jugosa. (I prefer it rare.)

¿Compraste tu pantalón en el shopping mall? (Did you buy you pants in a shopping mall?)

No, LO compré en una tienda cerca de mi casa. (No, I bought them in a store by my house.)

¿Has visto a Victor hoy? (Have you seen Victor today?)

No, no LO he visto. (No, I haven’t seen him.)

The Indirect Object pronouns are the “to Whom” in a sentence and they can be an object or a person. The Pronouns are:

Me (A mí)

Te (A ti/a Vos)

Le (A Ud./Él/Ella)

Nos (A Nosotros-as)

Les (A Ustedes/Ellos/Ellas)

Compré una camisa para Marta. (I bought a shirt for Marta.)

LE compré una camisa. (I bought her a shirt.)

Preparo la cena para mí. (I made dinner for me.)

ME preparo la cena. (I prepared dinner for myself.)

It is common when the Indirect Object is in third person to repeat it.

Le dí las llaves a Lorenzo. (I gave the keys to Lorenzo.)

When we want to replace both Objects, we have to put first the Indirect Object followed by the Direct Object and finally the verb conjugated.

Preparé este café para tí. (I prepared this coffee for you.)

TE LO Preparé. (I prepared it for you.)

The pronouns always go before the verb with exception of it is in gerund or the infinitive. If so, we can put its before the structure or at the end of the verb, making it one word.

Voy a preparer café para tí. (I am going to prepare coffee for you.)

Te Lo voy a preparar (I am going to prepare it for you.)

Voy a preparártelo. (I am going to prepare it for you.)

Estoy haciendo el café para tí. (I am making coffee for you.)

Te lo estoy haciendo. (I am making it for you.)

Estoy haciéndotelo. (I am making it for you).

What happens with Reflexive Verbs? In this case you won´t have the Indirect Object, you can only have Direct Object. In this case you should put first the Reflexive Pronoun.

Me estoy cepillando el pelo. (I am brushing my hair.)

Estoy cepillándomelo. (I am brushing it.)

Me lo estoy cepillando. (I am brushing it.)

Todos los días me lavo los dientes. (Everyday I clean my teeth.)

Todos los días me los lavo. (Everyday I clean them.)

With verbs with Indirect Object like GUSTAR we don´t use Direct Object.

Remember that the object in the phrase is the subject of the sentence.

Me gustan las manzanas. (I like apples.)

NEVER: Me las gustan.

Article Source:

via Learning Spanish Reviews Blog » Pronouns in Spanish – Spanish Grammar Lesson.

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