Types of Adverbs in Spanish

There are several types of adverbs, all of which help us to understand in greater detail the circumstances of an action or process- the how, the when, the where adn much more.

Sentences don’t need adverbs to be correct, but put it this way: it’s both more interesting and more informative to hear “The cat pounced unexpectedly” than simply “The cat pounced.”

1. Adverbs of manner

Adverbs of manner are the most common adverbs, both in English and in Spanish. They help us to understand how, or in what manner, something is done. In Spanish, these adverbs follow the verbs they modify. For example:

Spanish
English
Se besan cariñosamente. They kiss each other lovingly.
El perro corre rápidamente The dog runs quickly.
Conduce mal. She drives badly.
Leo lentamente. I read slowly.
Mi novio me llama mucho. My boyfriend calls me a lot.

 

2. Adverbs of quantity: intensifiers & modifiers

Intensifiers and modifiers are used to essentially tweak the intensity of an adverb or adjective. This category includes Spanish adverbs like “muy” (very), “más” (more) and “poco” (little). These adverbs generally come before the words they modify. For example:

Spanish
English
Está muy feliz. He is very happy.
Es bastante guapo. He is quite handsome.
Es más inteligente. She is more intelligent.
Anda demasiado rápido. He walks too fast.

 

3. “Point of view” adverbs

The adverbs known as “point of view” adverbs can affect an entire sentence and, like the name says, indicate an opinion or point of view. These adverbs generall go at the beginning of a sentence, though this is not always the case. For example:

Spanish
English
Personalmente, prefiero ir al cine. Personally, I prefer to go to the movies.
Quizás quiera ir a cenar. Perhaps he wants to go out to dinner.
Evidentemente te quiere. She obviously loves you.

 

4. Adverbs of time

Just as adverbs of manner tell HOW something occurs, adverbs of time tell us WHEN. Often, but not always, this adverb goes after the verb it modifies. For example:

Spanish
English
Mañana iremos a la playa. Tomorrow we are going to the beach.
Te llamo más tarde. I will call you later.
Fuimos al cine ayer. We went to the movies yesterday.
Ya me lo dijo. He already told me.
No usa ordenadores nunca. She never uses computers.
Suelo cenar pronto. I tend to eat dinner early.

 

5. Adverbs of place

Adverbs of place, like the name says, provide us with information about WHERE an action takes place. Whether before or after the verb it modifies, it’s important that adverbs of place be close in the sentence to the modified verb. These adverbs can be confusing, given that many adverbs of place can also be used as prepositions or pronouns. For example:

Spanish
English
Mi habitación está arriba. My room is upstairs.
Te veré allí. I will see you there.
Vive lejos de mí. He lives far from me.
Estoy enfrente de tu casa. I am in front of your house.
Está dentro de la caja. It’s inside the box.

via Learn Spanish Adverbs.

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