Remember, we use this tense for a specific action that happened once, or actions that indicate the exact duration.

Some verbs in Pretérito Indefinido or Pretérito Perfecto Simple (PPS) are completely irregulars. What does this mean? Most irregular verbs change the root, but the “very irregular verbs”, have a different root and different endings.

They use these roots:

Estar: Estuv

Andar: Anduv

Tener: Tuv

Hacer: Hic (Hiz in 3zt singular)

Venir: Vin

Poner: Pus

Poder: Pud

Querer: Quis

Saber: Sup

Caber: Cup

And they use these endings:

Yo: -é

Tú/Vos: -iste

Ud./Él/Ella: -o

Nosotros/as: -imos

Uds./Ellos-as: -ieron

And there is another list of verbs, that in the last person, where it is not –ieron, it is “-eron”.

These verbs are:

Decir: Dij

Traducir: Traduj

Producir: Produj

Conducir: Conduj

Some sentences that illustrate these verbs.

Ayer Juan estuvo en la casa de sus padres, ellos hicieron una cena muy grande para celebrar que Juan y su mujer tuvieron una hija./ Yesterday John was in the house of his parents, they made a big dinner to celebrate that John and his wife had a daughter.

Ana condujo esta mañana al trabajo porque el subte no funcionaba./ Ana drove this morning to work because the subway was not working.

Timothy tradujo su c.v al español porque quiere trabajar en Perú./ Timothy translated his c.v into Spanish because he wants to work in Peru.

Nosotros anduvimos en bicicleta por el parque el domingo. We traveled by bicycle through the park on Sunday.

Cuando el profesor me hizo esa pregunta, no supe qué contestar./ When the teacher asked me that question, I didn’t know how to answer.

No pude salir anoche, porque tuve que trabajar./ I could not go out last night because I had to work.

Qué lástima que no viniste a la fiesta./ What a pity you did not come to the party.

There are other verbs that change just the root.

The first group consists of verbs that change from E to I in third persons.

Example:

Pedir: Pedí, pediste, pidió, pedimos, pidieron.

Servir, despedirse, vestirse, desvestirse, mentir, medir, preferir.

The second group consists of verbs that change from O to U in third persons.

Example:

Dormir: Dormí, dormiste, durmió, dormimos, durmieron

Morirse, dormirse.

The third group consists in verbs that change from I to Y in third persons in the ending.

Example:

Distribuir: Distribuí, distribuiste, distribuyó, distribuimos, dsitribuyeron.

Construir, leer, influir, concluir.

The fourth group consists in verbs that don’t use E in third persons.

Example:

Reir: Reí, reiste, r-ió, reimos, r-ieron.

Sonreir, freir.

via Learning Spanish Reviews Blog » Irregular and Very Irregular Verbs in Pretérito Indefinido.

Comments are closed.

Newsletter


Tell A Friend
Tell a Friend
Free Dictionary

Learn More Spanish