This article is about orthography in the Spanish language or writing in Spanish with the correct letters and spelling. All words have an accent, meaning you use more force in the pronunciation of one of the syllables, but some of them have Tilde, which is a written accent in one of the syllables. We will learn when it is necessary to put Tilde (written accents) in the words.

We are going to make a classification of the words according to where they have the greatest force in pronunciation.

The words called AGUDAS, are the words that you pronounce with force in the last syllable. For example:

Camión (truck)

Andar (to ride)

Valor (value)

Oración (sentence)

Francés (French)

Salí (I went out)

Those words have a Tilde when they end in N,S or a vowel.

The words called GRAVES, are the words that you pronounce with force in the penultimate syllable.

For Example:

Lápiz (pencil)

Mapa (Map)

Moneda (Coin)

Difícil (Difficult)

Those words have a Tilde when they don’t end in N,S or Vocal.

The words called ESDRÚJULAS are the words that you pronounce with force in the third to last syllable.

For Example:


Brújula (Compass)

Díselo (Tell it to him)

Crédito (Credit)

Those words always have a Tilde.

The words called SOBREESDRÚJULAS are the words that you pronounce with force in the fourth to last syllable. For example:

Cuéntamelo (Tell me it)

Fácilmente (Easily)

Difícilmente (Difficulty)

Olvídatelo (Forget about it)

Those words always have a Tilde.

The Monosyllables don’t have a Tilde, but many of them have a Tilde to differentiate between the other words with a different meaning.

Sí (Yes) Si (If)

Té (Tea) Te (Reflexive or IO Pronoun)

Más (More) Mas (But)

Tú (You) Tu (Your)

Él (He) El (Male Article)

Sé (I know) Se (Pronoun)

Mí (I after prepositions: Todo es para mí/Se ríen de mí) Mi (My)

The words used for questions, doubts or to demonstrate admiration always have a Tilde.

¿Cuál es tu nombre? (What is your name?)

¿Quién es tu padre? (Who is your father?)

No sé en qué habitación duermo yo. (I don’t know in which room I should sleep.)

¡Cuánto tardan para traer la cuenta! (How long it takes to bring the bill!)

But we use these words without accents when they are Relatives.

La casa donde crecí era maravillosa. (The house where I grew up was wonderful.)

Perdieron cuanto habían ganado. (They lost what they had won.)

Quien te haya dicho eso es un maleducado. (Whoever told you that is rude.)

Determinants and demonstrative pronouns:

The pronouns éste, ésta, ése, ésa, aquél and aquélla, and their plural forms have accents to differentiate the determinants equivalent.

Ésta es mi casa. (This is my house.)

Aquél es mi primo Raúl. (That man over there is my cousin Raúl.)

The Determinants este, esta, ese, esa, aquel and aquella and their plural forms, never have a Tilde.

Ese auto fue robado. (That car was stolen.)

Esto, Eso and Aquello never have a Tilde because they are always Pronouns and it is impossible to confuse them.

Article Source:

via Learning Spanish Reviews Blog » Accents In The Spanish Language – Orthography or Writing In Spanish.

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