Today you will learn 6 very common Spanish words that always give English speakers trouble and tend to confuse them. These words can get tricky when trying to figure out when to use them as they are easy to confuse with each other. These words are:

1. NADA

2. NADIE

3. NINGÚN

4. NINGUNO/A

5. ALGÚN/A/O/S

6. ALGO

NADA (Nothing) is the opposite of TODO (All), and NADIE (Nobody) is the opposite of TODOS (Everybody). Both can be used as a subject, and to express “no existence”, for example:

- Nada en esta habitación es de color verde. (Nothing in this room is green.)

- Nadie aquí habla ruso. (No one here speaks Russian.)

However, when we use NADA or NADIE after a verb, we have to use a NO before the verb.

For Example:

- No me gusta nada de esta tienda. (I don’t like anything in this store)

- No hay nadie que quiera ir al cine conmigo mañana. (No one wants to go to the cinema with me tomorrow)

NADA/NADIE/ALGUIEN and ALGO are “Pronombres Indefinidos”.

ALGUIEN refers to at least one person.

- ¿Alguien tiene un lápiz? (Does anyone have a pencil?)

- Alguien me dijo que iba a traer bebidas, pero no recuerdo quién fue. (Someone told me they were going to bring drinks, but I don’t remember who.)

ALGO, is any number of things.

- ¿Hay algo que puedan beber los niños en esta fiesta? (Is there anything that the kids can drink at this party?)

So remember, with ALGUIEN and ALGO, ALGUIEN will always refer to a real person, while ALGO will always refer to something, a thing, which is not a person.

NINGÚN/O/A/S and ALGÚN/O/A/S are “Adjetivos Indefinidos”.

NINGÚN is an adjective that refers to anything from a certain group and always has to be accompanied by a noun.

Ningún estudiante tiene buenas calificaciones en esa clase. (No student has good grades in that class.)

If it is feminine we have to use Ninguna.

- Ninguna casa es hecha de vidrio. (No house is made from glass)

If I want to say that at least one is in the group, you should use ALGÚN/A.

- ¿Alguna chica puede prestarme un collar? (Can any girl lend me a necklace?)

ALGUNO/S and NINGUNO/S can go with the preposition “de”.

- Ninguno de mis amigos me miente. (None of my friends lie to me)

- Algunos de los Argentinos no beben mate. (Some Argentines don’t drink mate)

If a response to a question is negative that involves ALGUNO and NINGUNO, you need to make the response double negative.

- ¿Alguno de ustedes tiene un lápiz? (Does anyone have a pencil?)

- No, ninguno. (No, no one.)

You can’t just say NINGUNO, you have to say NO beforehand, making it a double negative.

via Learning Spanish Reviews Blog » 6 Very Common Spanish Words That Always Give English Speakers Trouble.

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